Friday, May 16, 2008

Sterling Bridge and Sir Marmaduke Thwenge

There really were some other people at Sterling Bridge other than William Wallace. This is a genealogy account of Marmaduke Thwenge, born Sep 1256 Kilton
Castle, Cleveland, Yorkshire, England; the son of Lord Marmaduke de Thweng,
Lord of Kilton, Mp, Sir and Lucy de Brus, born 1234, Skipton Castle, Castleton,
Yorkshire. Daughter of Peter de Brus and Helweis de Lancaster. The coat of Arms are those of the senior Marmaduke Thwenge, used at Kilton Castle

Kilton Castle birth place of Marmaduke, now a mouldering ruin,
stands on a crest ,with a fast flowing mountain stream at its base.
A fine example of Norman architecture, supposedly built by Robert de Brus, about the time of Skelton Castle, in reign of
King Stephen.
Placed on a high jutting eminence, surrounded by steep precipices,
except the entrance on west side, were ditches, foss, and gates are
in evidence. Magnificent structure with traces of the grand
banqueting hall 60 feet long by 59 broad, eastern watch tower is
still in evidence.

Kilton was originally built for the Kilton family but by 1225 was in the hands of the Thwenge family. Lord Marmaduke Thwenge married Lucia de Brus in about 1247 at Kilton castle, and there second son was our subject Marmaduke Thwenge, Knight, born 1256. When he reach his maturity he was in the service of his king, playing a prominent role in the Scottish wars. Ordered up in Summer of 1297 he joined John de Warrenne, 7th Earl of Surry, on a trip to the north to chastise the insurgent William Warren.

10th Sep. 1297 both the English under John de Warren, 7th Earl of Surrey and William Wallace arrived at the river Forth. The Scots deployed in a commanding position taking advantage of a slight rise in terrine, positioned main force on the high ground with a flank unit on each side of the northern entrance to the wooden Sterling Bridge. The road bed on the north side was only a few feet wider than the bridge which was wide enough for two horses to pass together. On each side of this road bed the flat ground was a marsh, easily traversed by foot soldiers but a death trap for heavily armored knight mounted on horse back.

The English morning of 11 Sep. 1297, started to cross the bridge and were called back as the Earl of Warren, was not yet awake. A meeting was called by John Warren to discuss the plan, Sir Richard Lundie , a Scott offered to take the Knights down stream a few hundred yards, were 60 horseman abreast could ford, the Froth, thereby outflanking Wallace. Hugh Cressingham, who was already upset that his men had been called back, fuming with impatience, snarled we are wasting the kings money. The earl gave him the order to cross, he arrogantly led his cavalry and foot soldiers across the bridge two by two. Marmaduke with his unit was up next, barely making the north side of the bridge. Wallace satisfied that about 5,000 was all his men could handle, sprang the attack. The flank units closed in at the head of the bridge and started to cut away the supports. The carnage had started, the Scots lightly armed were swarming all over the English. The mounted knights that left the road were at once bogged down unable to get free of the mud. Marmaduke turned his horse and followers and fought through the Scots at the bridge head, swiftly crossed back to safety.
Cressingham was pulled from his horse and skinned alive; it is claimed Wallace took a piece of flesh from his head to his heel, had a baldrick made from it.
The Earl of Surry had not crossed, aghast at the carnage, he mounted and road for the border, tis said "he did not stop until the horse fell dead".
Due to such heroics deeds, Marmaduke Thweng and William Fitz Warin are awarded Stirling Castle , rather a poisoned chalice. The Scots, bolstered by there success , laid siege to the castle, soon they had it along with Marmaduke, under there control The Patent Rolls indicate Marmaduke was released around April 1299, apparently they had been held since shortly after the battle of Sterling Bridge. a letter patent 16 Jul 1299 awards protection for Marmaduke de Tweng.

Marmaduke's service in Gascony 1294 and 1296, and Scotland from 1297 onward, was rewarded by a summons to Parliament in Feb 1307, which continued almost until his death, which led to his being referred to as, Lord Thweng.

Although being summoned in Feb 1313, he was instructed to remain in Yorkshire, for the security of England.

Just a interesting note: a knight was expected to kill as many foot soldiers as possible yet to kill or injure a fellow knight was a major faux pas. if a knight was to face another knight in battle,the death of either was highly unlikely. the defeated knight would be captured then released upon ransom payment.

Marmaduke 1st Baron de Thweng, died 28 sep 1322, interened north aisle of chancel for Guisborough Priory, he held fiefs of Kilton,Lund and Thweng of the Percy family by knights service, Lord of manors, Thweng,Oclon,Swathrop,in East Riding and Lythe,Hinderwell,Kilton,Kirkleathan and Throp in Cleveland district.

Burke's Peerage 1883
Rlord335data base,Rootsweb-worldconnect
for further information about this family click on any of the links listed on the right, they will take you to the index of my data base

A series of post honoring my relatives for the military service they preformed


Rosebud Collection said...

Whew, made me a wreck reading this one..The skinning part, was something else. Interesting about knight vs knight..Thanks for another good story.

Ona said...

Are they an ancestor of the Scott line?

Dustin twing said...

As a "Twing" this was a very interesting read!