Thursday, May 20, 2010

Peterloo Massacre of 1819 my Ancestor John Rhodes

Tw's a fine Sunday day on the 16th of August 1819, the Parliamentary reformers had been planning a rally at St Peters Field for several weeks, Samuel Bamford a native of Middleton had emerged as a natural leader. The event called for the best so Henry Hunt was engaged to be main speaker. B y mid morning it was apparent this would be a record turn out--every one had been instructed to bring no weapons -peace at any price-the common man had had it with the unfair method of electing Parliament, the suffrage ladies were pressing hard for reform, the high cost of the battle of Waterloo was only four years past, and as always the wealthy were getting richer and the poor getting further behind.
the 16,000 Sq foot St Peters Field was bulging with some 60,000 to 70,000 commoners mostly women very well dressed in their Sunday best.
Now St Peters Field has three main arteries and four very narrow lanes., with buildings and walls along it's outer edges.
 William Hulton chairman of the magistrates is watching from the house on the edge of St Peters Field, saw the enthusiastic reception that Bamford and Hunt received on there arrival at the assembly, encouraged him to action he issued an arrest warrant for Henry Hunt,and all the rest of the leaders-Chief Constable Andrews asked for military assistance. two notes were handed to two horsemen who were standing by. The
Manchester and Salford Yeomanry were stationed just a short distance away in Portland Street  they immediately drew there swords and galloped full tilt toward the Field , one trooper in a frantic attempt to catch up knocked down a lady causing the death of her child two year old William Fields first casualty of the day.
Sixty Cavalrymen of Manchester arrived, the route was narrow and the inexperienced horses were thrust further and further into the crowd they reared and plunged as people tried to get out of there way. As they neared the speakers stand they became stuck in the crowd and in panic started to hack about them with their sabers--the crowd had no weapons their only thought was to get away. The magistrates answer was to form the 15th Hussars into a line stretching across the eastern end of St Peters Field and charge with fixed bayonets into the crowd, at same moment the Cheshire Yeomanary charged from the southern edge. the crowd had some difficulty in dispersing the 88th regiment of foot, standing with fixed bayonets closed the south edge
At the cost of 11 dead and over 600 injured the crowd had melted away, leaving the park scattered with the dead and wounded.
A true count of the dead will never be known our ancestor John Rhodes a woolen merchant was their he received two saber wounds to the head but he lived three days and the office of the magistrate ordered his body examined and determined he died of natural causes.

In the end both Samuel Bamford and Henry Hunt were arrested and jailed for disturbing the peace ????
guess I missed something,  The caricature shown appeared at the time the text reads" Down with 'em'! chop em down my brave boys; give them no quarter they want to take our beef & Pudding from us!--remember the more you kill the less poor rates you'll have to pay so go at it Lads show your courage & your loyality"

Ancestor Approved Award

Thank you Terri Kallio at The Ties That Bind
your thoughtfulness is very much appreciated, for the past couple of years I know many people have read my attempt to tell the family history but only a couple have made comments.
As a recipient of this award, I am to list 10 things I have learned about my ancestors that have surprised, humbled or enlightened me and then pass the award on to 10 other genealogy bloggers who I feel are doing their ancestors proud.

Where do I begin? My genealogy adventure has been so full of surprises that have both enlightened and humbled me. My parents while interested in their ancestors could not help with any factual information, and one grandmother was trying to conceal her families past.

My greatest surprise happened only a few months ago-I was scanning a little Falls, N.Y.newspaper file when I found a court case about a 16yr old Olyer girl who was married and her parents had it annulled. I was a only child my mother was a driving force for me to unravel the family genealogy-I knew she married my dad in Albany when she was 20 yrs old The 16 yr old was her-- a well kept secret.

My grandmother Margaret Cummings Olyer would not tell me the truth about her fathers parents, she gave me conflicting information from 1942 until her death in 1965

Once I knew what the family name was a call to Martin Town, Ontario Provincial Police led me to Alex King who turned out to be my grandmothers older brother-learn as I did why there was a secret--

My grandmother wold tell of the ancestors who came from France and fought the Indians, what a feeling it was to see this in print.

Grampa Olyer was a family story teller and as a pre teen the war stories were always exciting but the truth that I uncovered was much more moving--

Having parents and grandparents who were interested in history and genealogy it was indeed a proud moment for me when my son was recognized by our community for his interest--

During my high school years had a great friend in Darwin Lasher, my parents and his were also friends and we were often told we were related but no one knew just how-unfortunatly Darwin has passed away and I did not sort it all out until just recently--

I had read about the orphan trains but not until if saw the documents about the 4 small children and learned of my aunts having to turn them over to the sponsors of the orphan trains did it really sink in how emotional this must have been--

bought a old rusty gun turns out to be family heirlom after years of research and some lucky finds--

One of my grandfather Olyer stories was about his mothers grandfather-- was his life cut short in a early spring late winter marriage--this is a enlightening story what do you think--

The following Bloggers are doing a great job most of them are far better Bloggers than me so it is a honor for me to pass this award on to them.   Gen wish list   Tina Lyons Destination Austin Family Thomas MacEntee Old Stons Undeciphered  Lisa Wallen Logsdon  Benotforgot  Vickie Everhart   west in new England  Bill West   WW! Experiences of an English Soldier  William Henry Bonser Lamin     the educated genealogist   Sheri Fenley  Miriam Robbins Midkiff   a tale of two ancestors  Amanda Acquard   roots digging

Saturday, May 8, 2010

Lasher Family of Stone Arabia

Our Lasher Ancestry begins with the Palatine immigration of 1710 when Sebastion Loescher  at the age of 40 years left his homeland in Hochspeyer, Rheinland Pfalz, Germany and embarked on a journey that would take him and his family across thousands of miles of ocean, hundreds of miles of Rivers, forest and mountains to untold joys and hardships in unfamiliar and rugged land, with a language barrier , to forge out a new life in a new untamed world.
The ship "Medford" one of a fleet of 10 to arrive in June 1710, the next three years was a struggle to keep alive, broken promises and dashed dreams found the Lashers on the "Palatine Debtor" list 1718-179 and the Livingston Manor Debt list 1721 - 1726- 26 Aug 1734 Sebastioin and his family was among the few who stayed on the Livingston Manor, were they settled and began to work the land. Three of the sons stayed on the Manor where they built fine stone homes, being thrifty they held joining property  and built on the corners that one well could be used by all the families. 
 Our ancestor John Conrad Loscher built the stone house known as the "Stone Jug" although it has changed hands many times it still stands today.  John married at Wattenheim Rhineland-Pfalz, Germany, Angeline Weingar  born in Switzerland 14 Sep 1699.
John Conrad's oldest sons Johannes born 17 Aug 1726 and his brother Gerhart born 29 Dec 1732, started out working with their father on the Livingston Manor, when the call to arms was issued by Gen William Johnson in 1755 for the campaign against the French, they volunteered and traveled to Albany for the encampment of men being assembled for the Gov. Shirley and Gen Johnson campaign.  They met Andrew Dillenbach from the Palatine area , both Lashers visited  the Stone Arabia area and  had purchased land near  the Dillenbecks, and became friendly with his two sisters on 1 Feb 1763 Gerhart married Catherine Dillenbeck, and by 27 Sep 1763 Johannes married her sister Anna Dillenback  These families were very close , the danger of attack by the French and Indian was always a threat 24 May 1763 their company under Soverines Deygert was called up by Sir William Johnson to serve at German Flats
 The Lasher brothers and Andreas seemed to be very active in the local militia and when the winds of the revolution began they served in Col Klocks regiment. in fact the three of them were at Oriskany.
In the morning on the march, Andrew was joking with the Lashers and mentioned he would not be taken by any of his tory neighbors this is a quote An eye witness recalls the event  "...three of Johnson's Greens attempted to capture Capt. Andrew Dillenbeck. He had said just before, to his friends [possibly Gerhardt, Andrew's father was among them], that he would not be made a prisoner by his old neighbors, and he was not. One of them seized his gun, but he wrenched it from his grasp, clubbed him, and felled him to the ground. The gun was still loaded, and with it he shot the second and thrust the third through with the bayonet; but in the moment of victory, another of the enemy shot him down and he immediately expired... he was a strong and powerful man - rendered such by hardships from childhood. as the reader may well suppose, such men could not be conquered."  - Jeptha R. Simms.
The next child that Gerhardt Loescher had was named Andreas.  Our ancestor was Gerhardt son Henry Loescher born 11 Aug 1765 , he married Elizabeth Bauder 1789 her father Michael Melchior Bauder was also killed at battle of Oriskany. their son George Lasher married Magdalena Klock, was a farmer living in Stone Arabia, when he sold his farm he moved to Nelliston, N. Y. 
were he built a small store in front of his home and made shoes.  Georges son was John "Jack" Lasher, Born there in Nelliston, N. Y. member of the 115 N.Y. Vol. Inf. in Civil War taken prisoner in Florida and held at Andersonville.  In the 1870's he went west to look for gold, returning to Nelliston he built a brick home for his family, operated his fathers store as a meat market, and built a two story apartment house on Main Street in Nelliston.

His daughter was my Grandmother Anna Lasher Lord
She looks very stern but I remember her as being everything but firm-I of course could do no wrong being the only grandchild for many years, she would tell me about the family and share there triumphs and tragedies. She was always quick to remind me of my Lasher and Klock ancestors and the sacrifices they made, especially when I did not want to eat some horrible vegetable, would hear about the starving Armenians or shortage of food during the war years. Never could figure out how my eating helped them. I still do not eat rudabakers, broccoli, or turnips